A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision.
- Most cataracts are related to aging.
- By age 80, more than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery.
- Cataract surgery is one of the most common operations performed in the United States. Approximately 3 million Americans undergo cataract treatment through cataract surgery every year.
- A cataract can occur in either or both eyes. It cannot spread from one eye to the other.
What causes cataracts?
- The lens lies behind the iris and the pupil. It works much like a camera lens. It focuses light onto the retina at the back of the eye, where an image is recorded. The lens also adjusts the eye’s focus, letting us see things clearly both up close and far away. The lens is made of mostly water and protein. The protein is arranged in a precise way that keeps the lens clear and lets light pass through it.
- As we age, some of the protein may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the lens. This is a cataract.
- Over time the cataract may grow larger and cloud more of the lens, making it harder to see.
- Researchers suspect that there are several causes of cataract, such as smoking and diabetes.
What are the symptoms of a cataract?
- Cloudy or blurry vision.
- Colors seem faded.
- Glare. Headlights, lamps, or sunlight may appear too bright. A halo may appear around lights.
- Poor night vision.
- Double vision or multiple images in one eye.
- Frequent prescription changes in your eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Cataract surgery is a major life-changing event and choosing a surgeon should not be taken lightly. Two of the biggest factors impacting the success of your cataract surgery…is your surgeon’s experience and the technology. Dr. Mayo and Dr. Wade have performed thousands of successful cataract procedures, offer the latest in advanced lifestyle lens implants, specialize in bladeless cataract surgery and have a very low complication rate. Our surgeons aim to achieve the best for every patient by working with a team of experienced doctors that will carefully analyze your eye health and visual needs.